Glossary » Website Design
a “description link”; the letter “D” placed next to an image on a web page that links off to a text description of the image. This enables blind users or users of text browsers to understand the content of an…Read more »
a way of indicating the current location (or view area) when looking at an overview map, site map, navigation bar, etc. The indicator can be as simple as a dot, a bounding rectangle, an arrow, or a hilited item.
“You…Read more »
The principle that access to any feature of an application, or each logical step in a process, should require no more than 3 clicks. Applying this principle can be tricky because of the ill-defined nature of what constitutes a primary…Read more »
For webpages, the area that appears in the first screenful when a person loads a page; the part of a web page that can be seen without scrolling.
This is important real estate since users are more likely to…Read more »
a simple technique for organizing concepts: designers write down ideas on a set of cards and then organize the cards by grouping them and by placing closely related concepts close to each other (e.g. by shuffling the cards on a…Read more »
links that go to related information in a freeform association, such as see-also links.Read more »
Abstract Windows Toolkit; a Java library for development of user interfaces, including standard widgets and layout tools.Read more »
the amount of data that can be transmitted across a network during a given period of time. Variance in bandwidth is also an important measure.Read more »
(web) an area set off from the rest of a web page by its position and appearance to advertise, inform, promote, or highlight important information. A banner ad is frequently a graphic displayed as a wide horizontal band that can…Read more »
on websites, a form of navigation where the current location within the website is indicated by a list of pages above this page in the hierarchy, up to the main page. For example, if you were browsing the products at…Read more »
in website design, a small box or sidebar that may appear anywhere within a page that hilites interesting tidbits, quotes, small ads, asides, or chunks of related navigation. Often it is a small graphic used like a banner ad and…Read more »
a technique for uncovering the hierarchical structure in a set of concepts by having users group items written on a set of cards, often used, for instance, to work out the organization of a website.
For a website, users would…Read more »
CSS; a method for specifying the look of a web page independent of the markup of the structure of that page.
The original intent in HTML markup was to specify the structure of a page and allow the individual user…Read more »
software that enables multiple people in realtime to write messages in a public space, usually in typewritten text. As each person submits a message, it appears at the bottom of a scrolling screen.
Chat groups are usually formed by having…Read more »
a type of card sort that asks users to sort topics into pre-defined categories, as opposed to asking the users to label the categories. Users are provided with a list of topics (e.g. content pieces to go on a website)…Read more »
a specification for the content that will be needed in creating a website or multimedia presentation. The blueprint specifies every page or screen and what components are needed for each. A typical way to specify the necessary elements is to…Read more »
any interface that is limited to the use of a small vocabulary. This applies to command-line systems, but usually refers to natural language and spoken language systems that, in order to produce consistent, predictable results, limit the number of recognized…Read more »
the percentage of people who achieve a given task from a given starting point. On websites, the percentage of people starting at page A who get to page B. So for instance, if 1000 come to a homepage on a…Read more »
a link that goes from one part of a website to another part of the website that is not in the same hierarchical branch, thus breaking out of the pure hierarchy.
Hierarchies are often a very clear organization for a…Read more »
the overuse & misuse of online health information; the tendency for some people to over-rely on online health resources and to pester their physician with concerns generated by the experience.Read more »
links from outside a website that go directly to a subpage of a website rather than the homepage, enabling direct linking to highly appropriate and specific content.Read more »
a measure of the time it takes for a message to be transmitted across a network. The variance of the delay is also an important measure. Delay affects the perceived fluidity of a conversation and becomes a more serious problem…Read more »
learning in an environment where the instructor and the student are at different locations. Distance learning may take place through the mail, email, the web, and broadcast or two-way video. Distance learning offers the opportunity to reduce educational costs and…Read more »
a name interpreted by internet software to determine which computer (which server) to access. For instance, diamondbullet.com is a domain name representing the company Diamond Bullet Design and which is translated by internet software to an IP address indicating the…Read more »
(or gateway page) a page designed as an entranceway to a website. The most common doorway is a homepage, but a doorway page can be a useful alternative entrance that appeals to a specific target audience. An example is to…Read more »